Research Information:

The Kilosa killings: Political ecology of a farmer–herder conflict in Tanzania

Policy Reforms

This article presents a case study of a local conflict in the Kilosa District inTanzania that tragically culminated in the killing of thirty-eight farmers on8 December 2000. To understand the conflict, the authors argue that it is necessary to study the history of villagilization and land use in the District, as well as national land tenure and pastoral policies.

From: University of Dar es Salaam(UDSM) (UDSM) | 2018 | Research Done By: Tor A. senetal., PhD

Funding Source: PANTIL PROJECT

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Research Recommendation:
One way of reducing the level of conflict could be the establishment ofan inter-village institution that would enable negotiation and arbitrationbetween farmers and herders over the use of the flood plain. Although VillageCouncils are the primary institutions for resource management locally, thereare precedents for managing trans-boundary resources such as forests and Wildlife. The conflict could be alleviated by making pastoral resources more productive through such measures as combating bush encroachment on pas-ture, controlling tse-tse and ticks, excavating dams for watering livestock,and reinstating cheap or free veterinary services. However, while such technical support to pastoralists is important,18it is also vital that the general pastoral policies in Tanzania should change.